How to understand “breeder” or “puppy mill”

What Is a Puppy Mill? The term “puppy mill” is used to describe a large-scale commercial dog breeding enterprise. Sometimes called puppy farms, these businesses tend to house their dogs and puppies in terrible conditions and focus on profit over the health and well-being of the animals. Puppy mill proprietors mass-produce puppies by over-breeding dogs, often regardless of health or genetic defects. The breeding dogs spend their lives being bred repeatedly until no longer deemed useful, then destroyed.


  1. Communication

Your contact with the breeder / puppy mill will begin with a telephone conversation. It is important to pay attention to how he communicates. Does he answer the questions in detail, is he polite, does not try to “sell” the puppy to you by all means? The breeder will become almost a relative to you. You will ask him for advice, he will help you with the dog both in word and deed.

Breeder: will be willing to talk long and thoughtfully, asking you about family, housing, work and experience with dogs.

Puppy mill: agree to give the animal “over the phone”, does not ask questions.

  1. Price

If a person sells a thoroughbred animal well below market value, this should be alarming. A low price for a puppy means that the cost is either minimal or nonexistent. This means that his food is of poor quality, vaccinations may not be available, there are no vitamins, toys, veterinary services, or socialization, which takes time.

Breeder: appreciates his work and is confident in the qualities of his babies, the price is market price (an exception may be in the case of a grown-up, “overdue” animal).

Puppy mill: bargains willingly, the price is well below the market.

  1. Keeping dogs

Be sure to evaluate the place of residence of the Animals and the seller.

Breeder: lives in a private house or large apartment. Puppies have large, clean enclosures or rooms, lawns for walking. The bowls contain clean water. Fresh air is indoors, it does not smell of excrement or “chemistry”.

Puppy mill: will offer to meet somewhere. If invited to the apartment, he will show the puppy in a separate room, designed to show the “product by the face”. He will refuse to show the habitat of the puppies.

  1. Condition of dogs

Assess the animal’s appearance. Puppies should under no circumstances look sickly and lethargic. They should be active, strong, well-nourished, and with healthy mucous membranes, without secretions. They should not have wounds, ulcers, bald spots in the fur. Puppies should not smell like excrement or urine.

  1. Veterans or older dogs

Having older dogs can tell a lot about a breeder. Firstly, the presence of retirees suggests that dogs are evidently living up to retirement, they do not have fatal pathologies, due to which they live for 2-3 years, and there are no health problems. And, secondly, this says a lot about the kennel, which does not get rid of dogs of non reproductive age, from which there is no practical benefit. Therefore, older dogs in the kennel are definitely a plus.

Also a big plus is the willingness to show parents of puppy. And if the dog can be from another kennel, then the bitch must be at home and ready to meet you.

  1. Maintenance, reputation, consistency

– A good breeder does not part with the puppy’s family on the day of purchase. He never leaves her. I am ready to help, prompt, communicate – and inform you about this when we meet.

– A good breeder values ​​his reputation. He does not have the task of selling “by all means”. There are no “smelly” stories around him, but there are families happily living with his animals, which can be found on social networks or whose contacts the breeder is ready to provide.

– Finally, the Breeder does not come across as a starving person. His bread and butter should not depend on whether he sells a puppy today or not. He should be free in his decisions and also “weigh” you – are you good enough for his baby or not.

What Is a Puppy Mill? The term “puppy mill” is used to describe a large-scale commercial dog breeding...   Continue
Read more

Questions to the breeder

• How old is the mother and how many litters did she have?
Too many litters in a row could mean puppies are bred here only for the money. It is better that the bitch does not give birth more often than once a year, and her first mating was at least at age of two.

• What are the characters of the bitch and the male? Energetic? Active? Are they aggressive?
Aggression is often hereditary, so try not to acquire puppies from aggressive parents.

• Is the breeder the owner of the male?
Many breeders breed their bitches with males from another kennel and this is normal. Just try to find out more about the male, since you do not have the opportunity to see him live.

• What health tests done to parents?
Find out what health tests are needed in the breed you are planning to buy. Now, in almost all breeds, a check of the hip and elbow joints is needed. Find out what other tests must be done to your breed and be sure to ask the results of these tests for the parents of your future puppy.

• At what age did the puppies stop sucking milk?
If the puppies are breastfed, weaning after 4-5 weeks is considered normal.

• At what age does a breeder start giving out puppies?
A responsible breeder will not give away a puppy that is under 2 months old. Until that time, the puppy must be with the mother and littermates in order to properly socialize and grow into a harmonious dog.

• How does a breeder start to toilet train puppies?
A good breeder tries to lay the puppies’ basic hygiene skills: after sleep he takes the puppies out of the nest so that they do things not where they sleep. The grown-up puppies are taught to do things for diapers, and after vaccinations they are already on the street.

• In what environment do puppies grow?
Are the puppies getting new experiences? Do they have a lot of toys? Where do they sleep? Are they familiar with loud sounds, for example, from a vacuum cleaner, washing machine?

• What does the breeder feed their dogs with?
If dogs eat cheap food or table scraps, they are unlikely to be healthy. This means that the puppies, probably will not receive the necessary nutrients during active growth.

• Were the puppies treated for worms, what drug was used? Were they vaccinated?
The responsible breeder gives the puppies anthelmintic several times. And he vaccinates them according to their age with high-quality vaccines. Each puppy must have a veterinary passport, which must contain anthelmintic procedures and drugs info. If there are no vaccinations yet, then you must definitely find out at what age they must be held.

Additional important questions

Puppy Care Questions
• Features of hair care. How often to wash? How to dry?
• What cosmetics to use?
• What to use to treat a puppy from fleas and ticks? How often, what time of year?
• How often to give anthelmintic?
• How often to cut nails?
• Do I need to clean teeth / ears?
• Feeding. What to feed? How often? How much to give? What food is needed, what is allowed and what is strictly prohibited? Soaked or dry food?
• Vitamins and supplements
• Treats

Parenting / socialization questions
• Is he toilet trained?
• Where to put a puppy for the first time, where puppy should sleep and eat?
• How to walk? How long to walk?
• How to teach to a leash?
• What to do if puppy bites?
• Cage. When to use?

Dog shows / trainings
• What are dog shows? What are they needed for? How often you have to go to dog shows?
• What if you don’t want to attend dog shows?
• When to start other types of training and sports with a puppy?

Feel free to ask questions, even if you think they are silly, especially if you are buying a dog for the first time. Take this as seriously as possible, because the life of this little charming creature now depends on you.


I want to convey one thing to you. The breeder is your friend for years to come. Don’t disappear after buying a puppy. Call, ask. Perhaps some things can be solved by only call to the breeder. If your breeder never refuses to help you, be sure you are lucky.


We are interested in making your puppy happy. And we would like you to understand your dog, so that your life with your dog was as easy as possible.


Don’t forget your breeders. 

Hanna Dymytrova-Kaihila

Rhodesian Ridgeback Kennel from 2009

“Maanhaar Primo-Creatus”

• How old is the mother and how many litters did she have? Too many litters...   Continue
Read more

Questionnaire to puppy buyers

Please answer on all questions.

Your full name *

Your full home address *

How big your house/flat? *

How long have you lived at this address? *

Do you live in a house or apartment, (if you rent a letter from your landlord will be required stating the dog will be allowed in your home). *

Send me photos of your house or flat. *

Your phone number *

Your email *

Why you chose Maanhaar Primo-Creatus kennel? *

Where you find Maanhaar Primo-Creatus kennel? *

Why have you decided to buy a Rhodesian Ridgeback? *

Do you know this breed has a specific character? *

How did you hear about this breed? *

What reference materials have you read about Rhodesian Ridgeback? Books or links. *

Why you prefer female/male? *

Tell me please what is your vision about your life with a RR. What do you like to do with your dog? *

What sort of socialization / training do you intend to give your puppy to ensure it grows up with good manners? Is there any obedience classes held in your area that you would be willing to attend? *

At what age will you start socialization / training? *

What activities do you plan to be involved in with your RR? *

What type of activity level do you prefer in a dog? *
Very HighHighModerately HighModerateLow
Are you interested in the following *
Family Pet/Companion Dog ShowingObedience and/or Performance EventsPlan to Breed
What breeds of dogs have you owned in the past? *

Tell me about your current pets. Please list all pets that are currently living in your household. Include the breed (if a dog) and ages. *

Do they live inside the house all the time? *

Are these other pets neutered? *

What sex are these pets? *

How long did your last pet live? What were the circumstances of its' death? *

Please describe your family to me. Number of people, ages of children, is there usually someone home during the day? *

Do all members in your family want a new puppy? Is everyone willing to help out? *

Do any members of your family have any types of allergies? *

Is your yard completely fenced with secure fencing, if not, would you be willing to do so prior to bringing the puppy home? What type of fence and how high is it? *

I asking for photos of your fence *

How big is your yard? *

I asking of photos of your yard *

What kind of floor surfaces will the dog be on in the house? *

Will your RR live: *
In homeOutsideFenced YardKennelOther
If you press "Other" on previous question, explain please

What is Your Work Schedule Like? How much time each day to you think your puppy/dog will be home alone? *

How many hours a day will the puppy be kept outside? *

Will you be crating your puppy when he/she is home alone? *

Where will the puppy be kept while you are away from home? *

Where will the puppy be sleeping at night? *

When you are away on family vacations, who will look after the dog? *

What kind of feeding do you use, or plan use for your RR? *

Are you financially prepared for not only the cost of a puppy, but to have a veterinarian, feed your puppy the best dog food, obedience or show classes, emergency surgeries, etc.) *

If you have bought other puppies please list from whom they were purchased and could these breeders be used as a reference? *

Have you ever returned a pet to the breeder? If so, what were the circumstances? *

Have you ever given a pet away? If so, what were the circumstances? *

If you have any additional questions to me? *

Please answer on all questions.
Read more

Deposit and payments

Reservation on puppies open only after puppies are born.

You can’t make reservation special puppy. You can reserve only puppy. But what puppy it will be possible to say only after 7-8 weeks. I not give choose puppies till these age because of many reasons! And you need agree these rule! But it is different with pet quality puppies.

Payments are divided into 3 sections: Booking Fee, remaining Puppy Price and Shipping costs.

Puppy Total Price of 8 week puppy is 2000 Euro (standard quality) and 1800 Euro (pet quality) plus Shipping.

The booking fee will be 500 Euros.

Puppies will only be considered booked after receiving the Reservation Fee. The deposit is refundable only if we cannot provide you a puppy for whatever reason.

8 weeks–4 months Hotel Price is 12 euro/1 day.

Shipping Price – We ship worldwide, quotation will vary from country to country and will respect all local legal conditions.

New owner should pay the booking fee (500 euros) as soon as he decides to reserve a puppy, the remaining amount should be paid maximum at the age of 8 weeks and shipping should be paid maximum 4 week before departure.

Reservation on puppies open only after puppies are born. You can’t make reservation special puppy. You...   Continue
Read more

How to reserve puppy?

To be on a puppy waiting list from my kennel I like you to complete the enclosed  prospective owner questionnaire (english only now)  It provides me with some information about yourself and your family and tells me what you would like to see in your new puppy.

Once I have your application I’ll get back to you about the waiting lists, puppy deposits and a possible for a visit to my place to se my dogs and the puppies.

If the sire or I choose to keep a puppy, then we will wait until after 7-8 weeks to make that pick, meaning the majority of folks will have to wait until after that to make their pick. Puppy choosing is typically handled ROUGHLY by order of deposits placed, although this often varies based on me trying to accommodate everyone.

I reserve the right to adjust order or assign puppies based on the information I have on file about potential owners. YOU MUST ACCEPT THIS prior to placing a deposit.

This quote very well describes some of the nuances of choosing a puppy by the owners and my priorities in choosing the owners.

Author Ruffly Speaking

PLEASE DO NOT EXPECT TO CHOOSE YOUR PUPPY. This one drives puppy buyers CRAZY. I know this, trust me. I have a lot of sympathy because I’ve been there. But the fact is that when you come into my house and look at the eight-week-old puppies and one comes up and tugs on your pant leg and you look at me, enraptured, and say “THIS IS IT! He chose ME,” I’ve been looking at people coming into the house all week, and every single time this same puppy has come up and tugged at them and every single one of them have said to me “THIS IS IT!”

What you are seeing is not reality. You are seeing the most outgoing puppy, or you’ve fallen in love with the one that has the most white, or the one that has a different look from the rest of the litter (when I had one blue girl puppy in a litter of black boys, every human that came in the house wanted her; when I had one black girl puppy in a litter of blue boys everyone kept talking about how much they loved HER), or the one that’s been (accidentally) featured the most in the pictures I’ve posted. Or, sometimes, you have a very good instinctive eye and you’re picking the puppy that’s the best put together of the litter. And that puppy, of course, is mine, and you’re going to have to pry him out of my cold dead hands.

My responsibility is not to make you happy. And that, dear friends, is why I am posting this now, and not when I have a bunch of actual puppy buyers around :D. But it’s the truth. My responsibility is to the BREED first. That’s why my first priority in placing puppies is the show owners, because they are the ones that will (if all goes well) use this dog to keep the breed going. It’s not that I like them better than I like you; it’s that I have to be extremely careful who I place with them so that they can make breeding decisions with the very best genetic material I can hand them. My second responsibility is to the PUPPY. I will place each puppy where I feel that it has the best chance of success and the optimal environment to thrive.

So while I do care, and I will try to take your preferences into account, do not expect to walk into my living room and put your hand in the box and pick whatever puppy you want. And do not expect to be given priority pick because you contacted me first; conversely, do not expect that because you came along late you somehow won’t get a good puppy. Sometimes the person who calls me when the puppies are seven and a half weeks old ends up with what I’d consider the “pick” for various reasons (sometimes because somebody called me up and said they’d gotten a puppy from someone else; see rule 4 above). I am going to try to do my absolute best to match puppies to owners as objectively as I can, not according to who called first.


To be on a puppy waiting list from my kennel I like you to complete the...   Continue
Read more

Visiting us

Firs visit for the further owners we allow when the puppies are at least 3 weeks old. Time between 4th and 8th week puppies use for exploring the “world”. Puppies, under surveillance of their mother and other members of the kennel, are getting to know the rush not only in household and on the yard, but also on individual and collectively walks (vacuum cleaner, mixer, car horn, water, differently dressed people, little children, cry, rain, storms, bangers, shooting…).

I take that as the most important part of the raising, for them not to be coy and sensitive, have positive attitude to children and react well in various life situations.

In this stage we are starting with exhibition training with all puppies with show leashes. With every day’s few-minute training we fix showing habits – leash, what will help in future in training with handler.

With individual walks of every single puppy in supervision of his mother we ensure habit of collar and leash. The presence of his mother eliminates natural fear of open space (meadow) as well as of closed rooms (tunnel), scents and sounds.
With special tools (obstacles) on the yard or during the walks, We are trying to develop abilities to think independently.

Of course, this is really time-consuming, but the truth is that the puppies that are socialized in this way will not have any problems with fitting into their homes or coping with any new and stressing situation in their lives. They will also be better prepared for development of their working skills in their maturity. They will have good basics and all the prerequisites to grow into mentally well-balanced dogs!!!

Firs visit for the further owners we allow when the puppies are at least 3 weeks...   Continue
Read more